Hudson River -ClearWater

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Hudson River Sloop Clearwater

From Wikipedia(View original Wikipedia Article)Last modified on 28 November 2010, at 22:51 
Sloop Clearwater3 - Photo by Anthony Pepitone.jpg
Sloop Clearwater sailing up the Hudson River
Career (United States) United States
Name: Clearwater
Builder: Harvey Gamage Shipyard, South Bristol, Maine
Laid down: October, 1968
Launched: May 17, 1969
General characteristics
Type: gaff sloop
Length: 106 ft (32 m) overall
Beam: 25 ft (7.6 m)
Draft: 8 ft (2.4 m)
Propulsion: sails; auxiliary engine
Sail plan: mainsail, main topsailjib
Notes: 4305 sq ft. (387.5 m²) total sail area
U.S. National Register of Historic Places
Location: Beacon, New York
Built/Founded: 1968
Architect: Hamlin, Cyrus; Gamage, Harvey Shipyard
Governing body: Private
Added to NRHP: May 4, 2004
NRHP Reference#: 04000376 [1]

The Hudson River Sloop Clearwater, Inc. is an organization based in Beacon, New Yorkthat seeks to protect the Hudson River and surrounding wetlands and waterways through advocacy and public education. Founded by folk singer Pete Seeger with his wife Toshi Seeger in 1966, the organization is known for its sailing vessel, the sloop Clearwater, and for its annual music and environmental festival, the Great Hudson River Revival.

 
Table of Contents
1 History
2 Environmental Advocacy
3 Environmental Education
4 Music and Festivals
5 The Sloop Clearwater
6 See also
7 References
8 External links

History

In 1969, the Clearwater made her maiden voyage down the Atlantic Coast from the Harvey Gamage Shipyard in Maine to the South Street Seaport in New York City.[2] Folk musicianTom Winslow wrote a folk music song, "Hey Looka Yonder (It's the Clearwater)", in which the lyrics specifically mention the fundraising efforts for the sloop, and how "black and white" people got together for this program.[3][4][5]

Based for many years in Poughkeepsie, New York, the Clearwater moved to Beacon, New York in 2009.

Environmental Advocacy

Clearwater has gained national recognition for its activism starting in the 1970s to force a clean-up of PCB contamination of the Hudson River caused by industrial manufacturing byGeneral Electric and other companies on the river's edge. Other specific Hudson watershed issues Clearwater is concerned with are development pressures in the southern half of the Hudson Valley, pesticide runoff, the Manhattan west side waterfront, Indian Point nuclear reactors, and New York/New Jersey Harbor dredge spoil disposal. Clearwater has gained worldwide recognition for its leadership in helping to pass landmark environmental laws, both state and federal, including the Clean Water Act.[citation needed]

Recently, Clearwater played a key role in the Environmental Protection Agency’s (EPA) decision to compel one of the Hudson River’s biggest polluters to begin removing toxic PCBs from the water and restoring one of the most polluted portions of the river.[6] In 2002, Pete Seegerwas named a "Clean Water Hero" for his prominent efforts in the passage of the Clean Water Act.[7] His tireless devotion to working through Clearwater and promoting its message to effectively use the law in prosecuting polluters of America’s waterways has made the Clean Water Act one of the most successful environmental laws in the country.[8]

Environmental Education

Clearwater docked nearPoughkeepsie Bridge for local festival

Clearwater's educational programs are intended to heighten public awareness of the Hudson River's unique ecosystem that blends freshwater streams from the Adirondack Mountains with the salt tides of the Atlantic Ocean around New York City.

For the early part of each sailing season Clearwater regularly charters the schooner Mystic Whaler, a privately owned passenger schooner, to present Clearwater's education program to more schools. Mystic Whaler is a traditionally rigged 110-foot (34 m) schooner, built in 1967 as a tribute to the coastal trading schooners that plied New England's waters over a century ago.

Sailing mostly on the Hudson River between New York City and Albany, New York, these vessels are used primarily to offer environmental and biological education programs to school groups, touching on river biology, environmental protection of waterways and related topics.[9] Both vessels also offer sails for Clearwater members and the general public, as well as private charters.

In addition to the professional crew, Clearwater offers opportunities for people to sail as volunteer crew for one week periods or as an intern/apprentice for up to two months to learn sailingenvironmental education and assist with vessel maintenance.

Music and Festivals

One of the organization's biggest fundraisers is its annual music and environmental festival, the Clearwater Festival. Officially known as the "Great Hudson River Revival," it is America’s oldest and largest annual festival of its kind. The weekend-long festival has been held each June for over three decades, with attendances of up to 15,000 people.[10] The festival raises funds and consciousness on the plight of the river and the earth. All proceeds go directly to support Clearwater’s environmental research, education and advocacy to help preserve and protect the Hudson River and its tributaries, as well as communities in the river valley. Music ranges from Blues to Rock, Reggae to Salsa, Bluegrass to Jazz, and Funk to Folk.

The Sloop Clearwater

Clearwater sailing south, pastManhattan's Grant's Tomb andRiverside Church

Hudson River Sloop Clearwater, Inc. owns and operates the sloop Clearwater, the centerpiece of Clearwater’s public education programs. Clearwater serves as a movable classroom, laboratory, stage, and forum.

The sloop Clearwater is a 106-foot (32 m) wooden sailing vessel designed after 18th and 19th century Dutch sailing sloops. With a large gaff rig, a hinged centerboard, and wide shallow hull, these vessels evolved to deal with the challenges of strong tides, shallow waters, and variable winds encountered on theHudson River. Designed by Cy Hamlin and built by The Harvey Gamage Shipyard in South Bristol, Maine,Clearwater was launched in 1969. Built of traditional plank-on-frame wooden construction, the sloop is 75 feet (23 m) in length on deck, 25 feet (7.6 m) in beam and can hold up to 70 tons of cargo. The slooprig consists of a single mast and fidded topmast which together rise to a height of 108 feet (33 m). A 65-foot (20 m) long main boom and 45-foot (14 m) gaff carry a 3,000-square-foot (280 m2mainsail. A 28-foot (8.5 m) long bowsprit carries a 900-square-foot (84 m2jib on the foredeck. In light wind, a 450-square-foot (42 m2topsail may also be raised.[11]

In 2004, the sloop Clearwater was listed on the National Register of Historic Places for her significance to the environmental movement. The sloop Clearwater has a smaller sister ship, the Sloop Woody Guthrie, that is used in education about the river.[12]

See also

References

  1. ? "National Register Information System"National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 2006-03-15.
  2. ? PBS Shop web site
  3. ? Wirz Biograph Records web page
  4. ? Seeger Sessions web site
  5. ? Clearwater official web site Music page
  6. ? "Where Have All The Flowers Gone"Roll Magazine, p. 14, accessed November 4, 2010
  7. ? "Pete Seeger Named Clean Water Hero", The Putnam County News online edition, accessed November 4, 2010
  8. ? "The 25th Anniversary of the Clean Water Act (Speech Transcript)", Clinton White House Archives, accessed November 4, 2010
  9. ? "Classroom on the Waves", Poughkeepsie Journal.com, accessed November 4, 2010
  10. ? "Clearwater Festival homepage". Retrieved 2008-04-02.
  11. ? Clearwater Sloop web page.
  12. ? "The Beacon Sloop Club (The Sloop)", The Beacon Sloop Club website, accessed 26 October 2009

External links

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